Ear mites in dogs are caused by tiny bugs which live in the earl canal and feed on skin debris. They are the most common cause of ear infections in dogs and puppies. Suspect mites in your dogs ears, when both ears are infected.
The signs to look for are intense itching, scratching, and violent head-shaking. Ear discharge is a reddish-brown or black and waxy.
Your Veterinarian can find it by swabbing the dogs ears with a cotton tipped applicator and looking at it under a microscope. Mites on dogs are white specks about the size of the head of a pin, which move.
Treatment involves in cleaning the ear and medicating the ear canal with a miticide twice weekly for three full weeks. The medication does not destroy the mite’s eggs. If you stop the medication too soon, a new crop of mites may appear.
You can dip your dog or put flea powder on him. This kills canine ear mites on the surface of the body.
If the ear is complicated by a bacterial infection, your dog will need an antibiotic. You may need a steroid to reduce itching too.
If left untreated, dog ear mites can cause a hematoma or blood clot. A hematoma is a swelling of the ear flap due to bleeding into the tissues of the ear. It is caused by violent head shaking, scratching, or rough handling of the ear flap.