A hernia in dogs is common to a hernia in humans. A hernia is a protrusion of an organ, or part of an organ, through an opening the the abdominal wall. It usually closes in the growth of the puppy. The two common sites for hernias are the groin area which is called an inguinal hernia and around the navel with is called an umbilical hernia. If you can push the bulge back into the abdomen, the hernia is reducible. When you can not, the hernia is incarcerated. An incarcerated hernia becomes strangulated if the blood supply to the tissues in the sac are cutoff. A painful hard swelling in the area could be an incarcerated hernia. This is an emergency. Seek professional help immediately.
Symptoms of hernia are an abdomen that is hard or swollen, fever, swelling in the groin, shortness of breath, red colored swelling of the skin, breathing fast and labored, and loss of appetite.
Hernias have a tendency to be hereditary.
Inguinal hernia: A bulge appears in the groin, usually in a female dog, it may not be seen until the she is old or until after she is bred.
Small inguinal hernias do occur in male puppies, but not as often as in females. Many will close on their own. If not, you should have hernia surgery.
Umbilical hernia: They are frequently seen in puppies about two weeks old. This can be caused by severing the umbilical cord too close to the abdominal wall. Most are caused by a tendency for delayed closure of the umbilical ring.
Binding the abdominal wall does little good. Most get smaller and disappear by six months of age. If you can push your fingers through the ring, it should be repaired. A hernia operation is not a serious surgery and the puppy can usually go home the same day. If you are going to spay the female, you can the have hernia repair surgery at the same time.