Ear mites in dogs
Ear mites in dogs are caused by tiny bugs which live in the earl canal and feed on skin debris. They are the most common cause of ear infections in dogs and puppies. Suspect mites in your dogs ears, when both ears are infected.
The signs to look for are intense itching, scratching, and violent head-shaking. Ear discharge is a reddish-brown or black and waxy.
Your Veterinarian can find it by swabbing the dogs ears with a cotton tipped applicator and looking at it under a microscope. Mites on dogs are white specks about the size of the head of a pin, which move.
Treatment involves in cleaning the ear and medicating the ear canal with a miticide twice weekly for three full weeks. The medication does not destroy the mite’s eggs. If you stop the medication too soon, a new crop of mites may appear.
You can dip your dog or put flea powder on him. This kills canine ear mites on the surface of the body.
If the ear is complicated by a bacterial infection, your dog will need an antibiotic. You may need a steroid to reduce itching too.
If left untreated, dog ear mites can cause a hematoma or blood clot. A hematoma is a swelling of the ear flap due to bleeding into the tissues of the ear. It is caused by violent head shaking, scratching, or rough handling of the ear flap.
Hot spots in dogs
What is a dog hot spot? Hot spots in dogs are common and can be worse in hot weather. They are warm, painful patches of skin that can ooze pus and give off a fowl order. They are circular and appear suddenly and can enlarge fast. What was the size of a quarter may enlarge by several inches in a few hours. If your dog has them regularly, suspect that they are caused by an allergy. Hair is lost rapidly. Dog rashes and dog scratching are the most common signs.
The technical name for a hot spot is Pyotraumatic dermatitis. It is commonly known as canine pyoderma. It is a bacterial skin infection in dogs and progresses through self-mutilation. A few factors that cause dog hot spots are fleas, ear problems, allergies, matted fur and skin irritants.
Canine hot spots on dogs are more common in breeds with long and heavy coats. They can appear on the neck, chest, ears, back, rump and flanks. Dogs have many more specialized cells that cause inflammation in their skin than humans do. Canine hot spots clear up more quickly if you catch them at an early stage.
Treatment of dog hot spots includes clipping away the hair to let air in. You should gently cleanse the skin with hydrogen peroxide or a bacterial soap. A homemade remedy of baking soda and water, mixed into a paste can be applied to the irritated area and left on for a few hours before being washed off. Hot spots can cause considerable pain and your dog may need to be sedated or tranquilized to prevent trauma.
Topical antibiotic-steroid creams can be used to aid in reducing redness and irritation. They should be applied three times a day for good results. The dog should be prevented from licking and biting the dog sores. An Elizabethan collar can be used to keep him from chewing or biting at the sore.
Heartworms In Your Dog
What is heartworm? Heartworms in your dog are caused by internal parasites. They are passed to dogs from mosquitoes. The mosquito bites an infected dog, microfilariae or baby worms in the dogs blood are passed to the mosquito and grow into infected larval stage within 10-14 days. When a mosquito bites another dog, the larvae are injected into the dog. It takes about two months, for the larvae to grow into adult worms. Adult worms can range in size from four to twelve inches. Five thousand immature worms can be derived from a single adult female in a day. It takes about 6-7 months, after the bite, for the worms to reach maturity. Then they begin to damage the dogs heart and lungs. They live in the right side of the heart.
If left untreated, dog heartworm infection can cause congestive heart failure that results in the death of the dog.
Signs are not noticeable in the early stages. Heartworm symptoms are fluid build up in the abdominal cavity, decreased ability to exercise, chronic coughing, breathing problems, loss of appetite, weight loss and lethargy. Dogs with advanced heart worm disease might have trouble coughing up blood or breathing. Take your dog to the Veterinarian immediately, if you suspect he has this parasite.
There are two ways of preventing heartworms in dogs. Both heartworm dog treatments are very effective.
The first method is to give your dog a daily dose of a compound called diethylcarbamazine. This drug kills the infective larvae before they mature into young adults and migrate to the dogs heart.
The second treatment method is to treat your dog ever six months with thiacestarsamide. If you give this drug ever six months, it will eliminate adult worms before large numbers develop to cause symptoms. There is some risk involved in treating dogs with heartworms.
It is much easier and cheaper to protect your dog from canine heartworm infection and it is less dangerous than treating them once your dog has them.
You should keep your dog inside in the late afternoon and evenings, when mosquitoes are feeding.
Ticks on your Dog
Ticks on your dog may poise a threat to your dog’s health. Most bites cause no lasting effects, but in extreme cases, bites can cause tick fever, tick paralysis, or Lyme Disease. Ticks are blood sucking parasites that live off the blood of pets.
If your dog spends a lot of time out doors, your dog will have an increased risk of tick bites. Always check your dog for ticks after you take him outside. You should carefully inspect his ears, armpits, abdomen and tail. A tick on a dog looks like a beetle. It can be engorged with blood.
If you find a dog tick remove it. If it is swollen, be on the watch for signs of disease such as excessive itching or pain, loss of appetite, lethargy, a fever that goes up or down, swollen joints or lymph nodes, and lameness that shifts from leg to leg.
How to remove a tick from a dog? Before dog tick removal you should swab the tick and the area around it with rubbing alcohol. Take a pair of tweezers and grasp the tick near the surface of your dog’s skin and rotate the tweezers to loosen the tick’s grip. Keep rotating the tweezers, until the tick comes lose. Then treat the area with a disinfectant.
How to get rid of ticks on dogs? There are sprays, shampoos, topical applications and dips to prevent ticks on dogs. You may have to treat your yard to prevent your dog from acquiring ticks again. Ticks hide out in shrubs, tall grass and plant growth that border lawns or fields. Frontline will prevent ticks in dogs.
Keep in mind that tick prevention is not always 100 percent effective. A dog on a good prevention program will always be at less risk than a dog on no program.
Fleas on your dog
Fleas on a dog can cause many problems. They cause your dog discomfort, can pass on tapeworms and cause anemia. You should regularly inspect your dog for any signs of fleas. If you notice your dog scratching, biting and gnawing or any fleas eggs or dirt on his back or between his legs, you have signs of fleas. If you see your dog biting or gnawing himself a lot or can see fleas, you have a full blown infestation. A flea can lay as many as 50 eggs a day. The eggs can hatch out into larvae in about a week. Dog fleas are external parasites that lives off the blood of dogs. Fleas in dogs can become a serious health problem. One flea on your dog can cause an allergic reaction. Fleas are canine parasites that eat about 20 times more blood than they can use.
Flea bites on dogs can cause many problems. Fleas can cause allergic dermatitis, tapeworms, anemia and skin infections in your dog. You should get rid of the fleas as soon as possible. A pet heavily infested can lose a lot of it’s circulating blood through flea bites. Just one flea bite can cause a hot spot and cause your do to itch intensely.
How to get rid of fleas on dogs? There are two ways to get rid of the fleas on your dog. Oral treatment which involves a pill and does not kill the adult fleas already on the present on your dog. Within 10 days of the first treatment, the life cycles are broken and fleas do not reappear.
The second way to get rid of the fleas is topical treatment. This treatment will kill adult fleas and provide immediate relief. It will prevent fleas from hatching too. There are shampoos, rinses, dips and sprays to get rid of fleas. Sometimes your yard may have to be treated too. Otherwise your dog will just reinfect himself when he goes outside.
Fleas in home can be killed by using fleas bombs and powders.
Never put insecticides on a very sick animal. Always consult your veterinarian first.