Coccidiosis In Puppies

CoccidiosisCoccidiosis In Puppies

By Admin

What is coccidiosis?  Coccidiosis is a common protozoan disease found in puppies.  Adult dogs are not immune.  It is severe in nursing puppies.  Coccidiosis in puppies is a common problem in the southern United States.  It occurs in connection with filth, over crowding, and poor sanitation.  Intestinal parasites in dogs can cause serious health problems.

Puppies can acquire the infection from their mother or from contaminated premises.  If Kennel sanitation is poor, the puppies reinfect themselves from their feces.  Coccidiosis can spread rapidly in a kennel.

Five to seven days after the ingestion of the oocysts, the infected cysts appear in the puppies feces.  The cycle is complete in the seven days.  The first signs you will notice is canine diarrhea.  As it progresses the feces turn mucus-like and tinged with blood.  You will notice a lack of appetite, weakness, dehydration, and anemia.  It can be accompanied by a cough, running nose, and discharge from the eyes.

Mild cases of Coccidiosis can be found in the stools of puppies without casing problems, until stress from shipping or an outbreak of worms, reduces resistance.  Dogs that recover become carriers.

Your Veterinarian can identify if your puppy has coccidiosis by finding adult oocysts in a microscopic slide of fresh feces.

Treatment should begin with stopping the dog diarrhea.  A Neomycin-Kaopectate antidiarrhea preparation can be used to stop the diarrhea in dogs.  Dogs with diarrhea can become severely dehydrated or anemic, it may need to be hospitalized for fluid replacement.

The best choice of antibiotic treatment is sulfonamides and antibiotics.  This drug will remove oocysts from the stool in seven to twelve days.

Dogs that are carriers should be isolated and treated.  Kennel runs and cages should be washed daily and bleached with boiling water to prevent dog parasites.

Dog Nutrition

Dog HealthDog Nutrition

By Admin

When it comes to dog nutrition it is very important to read and understand what is in your dog food. All ingredients should be listed on the label. The first ingredient listed is the primary ingredient and so forth. There should be no toxic ingredients. Some foods are premium brand. One premium type of food is all natural. Dog with allergies should have an all natural diet. All natural dog foods are oven baked in order to keep in most nutrients.

If you decide to change your dog food, we suggest mixing half of your old dog food with half the new food. This will prevent diarrhea and an upset stomach.

Certain preservatives used in dog food can be dangerous to dog or puppy. Preservatives are used to prevent the food from going rancid. A list of these preservatives are:

Ethoxyquin
BHA
BHT

BHA and BHT can cause an allergic reaction and also affect kidney and liver function.

Ethoxyquin was used in making tires as a rubber stabilizer. When it was first introduced to dog food it caused many problems in dogs. This ingredient may cause cancer. Premium dog food contains natural preservatives such as vitamin E and vitamin C.

Puppy Vaccination

Puppy VaccinationPuppy Vaccination

By Admin

When to vaccinate puppies?  When you take your puppy to the veterinarian he will determine a puppy vaccination schedule for you.  You should keep your puppy vaccination records with his pet health records.

If the dog’s mother has a healthy immune system, a puppy will most likely receive antibodies from the mothers milk while nursing.  A puppies first vaccinations should be between six to eight weeks of age.  The weight of the puppy and the health of the puppy should be taken into consideration.  A puppy should receive three vaccinations at three to four week intervals.  The final vaccine for puppies will be at sixteen weeks of age.  This shot will protect your puppy against parvovirus, corona, distemper-measles, rabies, lyme, leptospirosis, hepatitis, and prainfluenza.  Puppies have immature immune systems and are not capable of developing long lasting immunity until 16 weeks of age.  At nine weeks your puppy should receive an intranasal canine bordetella vaccine to protect against kennel cough.

The immunizations stimulate the puppy’s or dogs immune system to create protection from certain infectious diseases.  The dog shots can cause soreness at the injections site and allergic reactions.

Ever state has it’s own law on the administration of the rabies vaccine.  Some states require yearly rabies shots and other states require it ever three years.  It is a legal.

Dog vaccinations have saved countless lives, and play a vital role in the fight against canine infectious diseases.  Rabies vaccinations have saved the lives of many dogs and people too.  Hundreds of people die each year due to rabies contracted from dog bites.

There are a small chance of puppy vaccination side effects, but the risk are smaller than the disease itself.  You should always talk to your veterinarian about your dogs medical history before giving it’s first dog vaccine.

Toxic Foods In Dogs

toxic foods in dogsToxic Foods In Dogs

By Admin

There are many toxic foods in dogs.  Food is one of the most frequently reported poison dangers for dogs.  Dogs love food especially table scraps. Table scraps can be poisonous to dogs. Learn what poisonous foods to avoid to prevent poisoning in your dogs. Signs of toxicity in dogs include, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, lethargy and lack of appetite.

A partial list of toxic foods for dogs includes:

Alcohol
Avocado
Chocolate
Coffee & Tea
Garlic
Macadamia nuts
Onions
Potato leaves & Stems
Raisins & Grapes
Tomato leaves & Stems

If you think that your pet may have ingested a potentially poisonous substance, call Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435. A $65 consultation fee may be applied.

Hypoglycemia

:HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia In Puppies

By Admin

Hypoglycemia in puppies is a central nervous system disorder caused by low blood sugar.  It occurs in toy puppies at six to twelve weeks of age.  Stress is one of the main causes of hypoglycemia.  It seems to occur in small puppies more than bigger puppies.  Teacup puppies must replenish their energy more often than bigger puppies.  They may be picky about their food too.  Meat or canned dog food may have to be added to their food to tempt the puppy to eat.

Hypoglycemia signs and symptoms are listlessness and depression.  The next signs are muscle weakness, tremors, and later convulsions, coma and death.  The puppy may have one or more symptoms.  Learning the symptoms of hypoglycemia can save your puppy’s life.

Canine hypoglycemia occurs without warning.  It can happen when a puppy is placed in a new home, shipped or misses a meal.  Illness is can al.so cause it.  A sick puppy loses its appetite.

Treatment involves restoring blood glucose levels.  Repeated or prolonged attacks can cause permanent damage to the brain.  If the puppy is awake give him Nutri-Cal, Gatorade or Karo Syrup in water by mouth.  It should start to improve in 20-30 minutes.  Nutri-Cal is a good source of food and vitamins too.  It should be given 3-4 times a day to prevent low blood sugar levels.

To prevent recurrent attacks feed a premium dog food and add sugar or Nutri-Cal to it.  The puppy should be fed at least four times a day and on schedule.  It should be fed ever four to five hours.  You mix some canned dog food and goats milk together.  Sometimes baby food such as baby beef or cereal in a jar will tempt a puppy to eat.

Be sure you do not let the puppy play too much and over exert itself.  Overexertion leads to low blood sugar.