Entropion In Dogs

entropion in dogsEntropion In Dogs

By Admin

Entropion is the most common congenital defect of the eyelids.  It is caused by a long standing disease of the lids or by injury.  Some cases are complicated by blepharospasm which is a spasm of the eyelid.  Entropion in dogs is when the eyelids roll inward and rub against the cornea of the eye.  This causes the dog a lot of discomfort.  Breeds that are commonly affected are:  Chow, Irish Setter, Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Saint Bernard, Great Pyrenees, Bulldog and Great Dane.  It most commonly affects the lower eyelid and breeds with large heads and loose facial skin such as the Saint Bernard and the Bloodhound.  Entropion can be found in the upper lid as well.

It can cause excessive tearing, conjunctivitis, pain that causes the dog to scratch or rub the eye and sensitivity to light.  The constant rubbing of the eyelashes against the eye can cause corneal ulcers, which can cause scarring of the eye and affect the vision of the dog.

Young puppies that have entropion can have lid tacking that will temporarily fix the problem.  Most vets do not like to do surgery on puppies less than 5-6 months of age.

Surgical correction is required for this condition.

Dog Dementia

DEMENTIA DOGDog Dementia

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Dog dementia is also called dog alzheimer’s disease.  Your vet may refer to it as canine cognitive disorder.  It is the most common chronic degenerative nerve problem in old dogs.  Dog dementia is a form of senility that affects the mind of an old dog.  An estimated 68 percent of dogs are affected are 15 or 16, as well as 28 percent of dogs 11 or 12 years of age.  Around 30 percent of dog owners with aging dogs that are 11-12 years old report signs of senility.  At least 75 percent of owners with dogs 15 years or older report signs of dementia.

The symptoms of dementia can vary, but can include decreased attention to surroundings, increased sleep, elimination indoors, anxiety, failure to recognize owner and barking aimlessly.

There is no diagnostic test and no cure for canine dementia.  It is diagnosed on a review of medical history, physical examination and tests calling out other causes of mental decline including, hypothyroidism, heart failure, kidney failure, cancer and adrenal disease.  There are several choices of treatment for dementia in dogs which can slow it’s development.

The drug Selesiline may help pets with a cognitive disorder.  The drug can be effective in up to 80 percent of dogs after at least two months of therapy.  Side effects are rare, but can occur and certain other drugs can not be give at the same time.

There are several natural therapies that help dogs with canine dementia.  Fish oil with omega-3 fatty acids, various antioxidants, alpha lipoic acid and L-carnitine may benefit dogs with Canine Cognitive disorder.

A product called Cholodin has been used successfully to treat dogs with dementia.  Combing Cholodin with natural therapies has delayed or prevented the onset of senile dementia in dogs.  This preventive protocol is begun in all dogs at 5 years of age.

There is success in treating dogs with canine cognitive disorder with a number of nutritional supplements.  Using B complex vitamins to maintain proper neurological function and success using milk thistle and ginkgo biloba.  Antioxidants such as Quercetin and Co-Q10 can be helpful too.

It is important to check heart function

All dogs should eat a natural well balanced diet to prevent excessive oxidation leading to nerve damage.  Most dogs with canine cognitive disorder are middle aged or geriatric.

With early diagnosis, dementia can be effectively treated in most dogs by using natural therapies.  It may be possible to decrease the incidence of or totally prevent dementia by starting your dogs on natural therapies.

Dog Breast Cancer Symptoms

Breast Cancer In DogsDog Breast Cancer

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Mammary cancer in dogs is one of the most common forms of cancer on dogs.  Dog breast cancer symptoms are a lump, swelling of the mammary gland or both.  The canine tumors usually develop in the back breast.  Fifty percent of canine breast tumors are malignant.  Any hard lumps under the skin of your dog’s breast should be examined by your vet. One in four dogs will develop cancer each year.  Early diagnosis and aggressive therapy of malignant dog breast tumors can prolong your dog’s life.

What causes breast cancer in dogs?  The cause of breast cancer in dogs is unknown.  Spaying your female dog before the first heat will help prevent canine breast cancer.

If your veterinarian thinks the lump is suspicious, he will recommend either a X-ray or a ultrasound of the chest and a biopsy of the lump.

If the lump is malignant, metastasis of the cancer to the lungs is common.  If there is no evidence of metastasis, surgery is recommended.

The affected breast and the adjacent lymph nodes will be removed and examined for malignancy.  The surgery may increase your dog’s life span, if it is malignant.  It may also free the pain and additional treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Dogs with cancer that is advanced, may show signs of pain in the breast area, listlessness, lose of appetite, weight loss, lethargy or a wound that will not heal.

Some benign canine tumors in dogs can become malignant if they are not removed.  Canine cancer is a very complex chronic disease that in many instances can be treated.  Early diagnosis is the key to saving your dog’s life.

Why Dogs Cough

Dogs CoughDogs Cough

By Admin

Why dogs cough?  Coughing in dogs in a common problem.  All dogs that cough do not have a serious illness.  A dog that coughs can have a sore throat.  A canine cough is one of your dogs best defense mechanisms.  Any irritation of the breathing tubes will trigger a cough reflex in dogs.  A violent rush of air cleans material from the breathing tubes and the lungs.  Pollution and pollens in the air can irritate the respiratory system.

If the dog cough is accompanied by fever, weight loss, difficulty breathing, lethargy, blue gums and tongue, with a history of heart disease, heart murmur, or a malignant tumor, you should call your vet immediately.

If your dog is coughing, it could have canine influenza which is commonly called dog flu.

Tracheobronchitis or dog kennel cough causes a dog dry cough that is unproductive and sounds serious.  Kennel cough is a viral disease that is highly contagious among dogs.  Kennel cough causes the dog to gag after the coughing spasm and bring up a white foam.

Heartworm disease can start with a dog coughing, because the dead worms can lodge in the lung tissue.

Toy and obese dogs may develop a collapsed trachea, which causes a goose honk cough.  You may notice it after the dog gets a drink of water.  It can be diagnosed by a X-Ray.

If the dog has unwanted material in the breathing tubes, you can use a cool mist vaporizer or turn on the shower to produce steam.  You should see some relief from the congestion in fifteen in minutes.  If no improvement is seen, call your vet.

A dog with a cough may have canine distemper.  Distemper in dogs is a contagious and serious disease that has no known cure.  The dog may sneeze and have a discharge from the eyes.

Holiday Hazards for pets

Holiday HazardsHoliday Hazards For Pets

By Admin

The Christmas holidays are here.  Holiday hazards for pets are common during this busy time of the year.  There are numerous hidden dangers for our pets.  We should be aware of potential dangers and take preventive measures to protect our pets.  We want our pets to have a safe holiday too.

Angel hair – Irritates the skin and can cause damage to the eyes and intestinal blockage if swallowed.

Artificial snow – Can be poisonous and can cause digestive upsets.

Fireplaces – Can cause burns.  Keep the firescreen in front of the fireplace.

Candles – Can cause burns and fire hazards.  Place them out of your pets reach.

Dangerous foods – are holiday hazards too.  Chocolate has theobromine which is poisonous to dogs. It can cause vomiting, diarrhea, seizures and death.  Sugar free candy contains Xylitol which is a toxic substance.   Macadamia nuts and grapes are toxic to pets too.

Gift wrapping, ribbons and bows – Can be dangerous if eaten and can cause choking and obstruction of the intestines.

Ornaments – Glass ornaments can cut your dog’s paws, mouth and intestines.  Place glass ornaments out of reach or use plastic ornaments.

Tinsel – Is shiny, moves and is attractive to pets.  It can cause obstruction of the intestines and choking.

Christmas tree – Needles may puncture intestines or be mildly toxic.  They can cause vomiting, diarrhea and lethargy.

Tree stand water – May contain sap water, bacteria and fertilizers that are potentially toxic to your dog.  It may cause diarrhea and vomiting.

Decorative lights – Holiday lights and decorations can cause potential risks for pets.  Bubble lights that are filled with methylene chloride can be toxic to pets.

Extension cords – Dogs can chew on a string of lights and be shocked, electrocuted or suffer burns or cuts in the mouths area.

Plants poisonous to dogs :

Mistletoe – All parts of this plant is potentially dangerous for pets.  It can cause blurred vision, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, blood pressure changes and even death.

Holly – Eating holly berries can be a serious concern for pets.  Berries, leaves and seeds are all toxic to pets.

Amaryllis – Eating bulbs and leaves can cause cardiac arrhythmia’s, abdominal pain and convulsions.

Jerusalem cherry – Bears poisonous fruit that can cause gastric upset and are extremely toxic to dogs and cats.

Christmas Trees – Pines, cedars and firs can be mildly toxic can cause mouth and skin irritations.

Poinsettia  – Can be mildly toxic and can cause vomiting and diarrhea.