How To Prevent Dog Ear Infections

Causes of dog ear infectionDog Ear Infections

By Admin

Everyone that owns a dog should learn how to prevent dog ear infections.  Checking your dogs ears frequently will prevent infections.  Dirt, wax and parasites can lead to canine ear infections in dogs.

Healthy ears are pink.  Any signs of redness can be a sign of infection or inflammation.  A small amount of earwax is normal and healthy.  An excessive amount, a change in color or consistency can be a cause for concern.

If your dogs ears have a unusual smell, strong odor, or if he whines when you touch his ears, it may have a health problem, such as infection or dog allergies.

Cleaning your dogs ears regularly prevents wax and oil build up.  Excessive amounts of earwax can provide a fertile environment for bacteria and fungus.  You should regularly pull out the hair any hair in the ears of  your dog.  This improves air flow in the ear canal which prevents infections and infestations.

Ear infections in a dog can be uncomfortable and agonizing.  If left untreated, canine ear infections can compromise hearing and cause permanent deafness.

Canine anatomy which includes heavy overhanging ear flaps are a cause for infection.

The most common dog ear disease is otitis externa which is an inflammation of the external canal.  Otitis media which is a middle ear infection can develop from otitis externa and canine allergies is the biggest cause of infection.  About seventy five percent of dogs with a food allergy or atopy have ear disease.

Some ways to prevent infection in a dogs ears are:

  • cleaning dogs ears on a weekly basis
  • tape the ears over the dogs head for one to two hours each day to increase ventilation to the ear canal.
  • feeding an all natural diet

Routine dog ear care can prevent many ear problems.  Regular cleaning keeps the ears of your dog healthy and odor free.

What Causes Hair Loss In Dogs

Hair Loss In DogsHair Loss In Dogs

By Admin

Hair loss in dogs or Alopecia can be a signal of serious medical problems.  It is associated ..with skin diseases, endocrine disorders and allergies.  Excessive licking can indicate a skin problem.  Other symptoms are thinning coat, patchy areas, bald spots, itchy skin, and spotty bare areas.

What causes hair loss in dogs?

Hypothyrodism

Hypothyroidism in dogs is an endocrine disease which occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.  Signs of dog hypothyroidism are thinning hair, lethargy, weight gain, or a dull, dry coat.  A blood test which measures thyroid hormones is used to diagnose this disease.  Synthetic thyroid hormones are given to manage this disease.

Mange

Mange in dogs is a skin disease which is caused by mites, usually shows up as itchy skin with patchy hair loss around the eyes, front legs, and the body.  Skin scrapings are used to confirm the presence of mites.  Topical anti-parasitic ointment or dips can be used to cure dog manage.  If your dog has a severe case or inflamed skin, your vet may want to use benzoyl peroxide shampoo, or anti-parasitic drugs or antibiotics.

Cushing’s Disease

Cushing’s disease in dogs is an endocrine disorder that causes the adrenal glands to produce too much Cortisol.  This elevates blood sugar and increases fat and protein bread down.  Symptoms of Cushing’s disease are weeping sores, hair loss along the back, increased thirst and urination, thin skin, excessive panting and muscle weakness.  Diagnosis can be made by measuring the cortisol levels in he blood.  Life long drug therapy is used to manage the disease and in most cases in successful.

Ringworm

Ringworm in dogs is a fungal disease that affects the skin and mucous membranes.  Symptoms are thinning hair and a circular lesion with crusting around the edges.  Dog ringworm can be identified through microscopic examination or skin cultures.  Treatment involves oral and topical medications and anti-fungal shampoo therapies.

Bacterial Skin Diseases

Bacterial skin diseases on dogs can result from underlying problems which include:  Allergies, manage, and hypothyroidism.  The dog scratches until the hair falls out, chews or licks itchy areas, then damages the skin, causing bacteria to form.  A patchy loss of hair is more common than the hair loss that is seen with endocrine diseases.  To diagnose this disease your vet may do a microscopic examination of the skin lesions for the presence of bacteria.  Treatment involves a three to six week course of antibiotics.

Allergies

Canine allergies to parasites, pollens, dust mites, certain foods, chemicals, can cause itchy skin.  This causes your dog to scratch off his hair, rub his face, or lick his paws.  It may not be possible to identify the allergic disease and diagnose the allergen.  Flea bite allergy can be confirmed by the presence of fleas or flea dirt.  Flea allergy in dogs is diagnosed by itching around the tail base and flea infestation.  Bacterial and fungal disorders must be ruled out.  Treatment of allergies in dogs includes flea control, anti-itch medications such as antihistamines, and corticosteroids, supplementation of fatty acid may help an itchy dog.

Alopecia X

Canine Alopecia X is a group of unidentifiable loss of hair conditions that resemble endocrine type diseases such as Cushing’s disease.  They are treated with Melatonin.  It helps about half of dogs restore their hair.

When you groom your dog, you should look for any signs of skin irritations or irregularities.  Early detection of the problem, can minimize loss of hair for dogs.