Eclampsia In Dogs

Eclampsia In DogsEclampsia In Dogs

By Admin

Eclampsia in dogs or milk fever is caused by a deficiency in serum calcium in the blood due to a malfunction of calcium metabolism.  Toy dogs are most likely to have this problem. Eclampsia usually happens up to six weeks after puppies are born.  It occasionally happens before delivery, but is more common in dogs nursing.

Canine symptoms of eclampsia are restlessness, anxiety, rapid breathing, nervousness, and whining.  The dog staggers or has stiff legs.  Females with eclampsia hide under furniture, attempt to climb walls, maul or even kill their puppies.  The temperature of the dam may be elevated up to 106 degrees.  The dog fever causes the female to pant more, which raises the PH of the blood and lowers the serium calcium level more.  Her face may take on a pinched look that exposes the teeth.  Muscle twitches may be seen or felt.  The female may look glassy eyed and shiver.  As the condition worsens, she falls down on her side and exhibits spams and salivates profusely.

If left untreated, dog eclampsia will eventually lead to convulsions and death.

Since the immediate loss of dog calcium is through the milk, early symptoms might be controlled by removal of the puppies.

Eclampsia is considered to be a medical emergency and must be attended by a vet.  A calcium solution must be given intravenously or subcutaneously to restore low calcium levels.  An overdose or too rapid administration can cause heart stoppage or heart attack.  so careful medical supervision of these treatments is very important.

The problem is caused by a body deficiency, complicated by the increased draining of calcium supply by the puppies.  It can not be treated by adding calcium to the diet.  In fact, high calcium fed during pregnancy may actually increase the risk.  This condition can often recur with each litter.  Females who have a history of having canine eclampsia may routinely be given calcium injections prior to and following whelping puppies.  If this does not help, puppies must be removed and hand fed.

Causes Of Fever In Dogs

fever in dogsFever In Dogs

By Admin

The two most common causes of fever in dogs are viral and bacterial infections.  Some examples of viral infections are hepatitis, parvovirus, and distemper.  Examples of bacterial infections are skin abscesses and pyometra.  Respiratory infections can be viral or bacterial.  Some other causes are heatstroke, eclampsia or low blood calcium, and tick fever.

The average temperature in dogs is 101.3.  The adult dogs temperature can range from 100 to 102.5.  A body temperature above 103 in a dog is considered to be a canine fever.  An elevated temperature is not necessarily a sign of dog illness.  A dog can have a variation in temperature of one or two degrees depending on the time of day, their emotional state and amount of activity, or the environment, such as being outside on a hot day.  Fever can be one of the symptoms of a sick dog.

Most dogs hair insulates against heat loss or heat gain.  On a hot day the only way a dog can lower its body temperature is by panting.  A dogs sweat glands are located on the foot pads.

Viruses, bacteria, and cancer cells can cause fever by stimulating white blood cells to produce chemical substances called pyrogens.  Pyrogens are helpful in combating unwanted invaders.  Fever may mean your dog’s body is responding to the challenge and fighting the infection.

Some of the signs of a fever in dogs are:

  • Depression
  • Lack of appetite
  • Nasal discharge
  • Lethargy
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Coughing

Dogs can seem cold and shiver or feel hot and pant or seek a cool place.  There may be an increase in the heart rate and respiratory rates.

If a dog has fever over 105 it may have had a heatstroke.  A shower or cold water bath must be given immediately to lover the body temperature before brain damage or death results.

Dog fever can be controlled by aspirin.  Providing shade and plenty of water helps prevent heat stroke in dogs.