An enlarged prostate gland in dogs is common in dogs that are not neutered and older dogs. The prostate gland is a sex gland in male dogs found at the base of the bladder. It partly surrounds the uretha. Prostatic gland enlargement occurs in many dogs over five years of age. Few dogs show any ill effects from it. Prostate enlargement is also known as benign prostate hyperplasia or prostatic hypertrophy.
The enlarged prostate gland usually expands in the rectum backwards when large enough, it can push forward exert pressure on the outlet of the bladder, which causes changes in the voiding pattern. This can cause frequent urination, dribbling, and loss of control of the bladder. This is not common. A very swollen prostate can cause a dog a lot of pain.
The most common prostate symptoms in dogs are difficulty in urinating and straining at stool. The feces may appear ribbon like or flat on one side. Fecal impaction or blockages do occur. One sign of fecal impaction is diarrhea. It is caused by liquid feces forcing its way around a solid lump. Some dogs walk with a rigid and stiff back wit advanced disease. You may notice a limp or prosterior weakness that affects one or both rear legs.
Treatment for swollen gland enlargement of the canine prostate involves the administration of estrogen which is a female hormone. It should be prescribed by your vet because the dosage is important to prevent complications.
The surgical treatment of choice is castration. This results in shrinkage of the dog gland. Dog prostate cancer is uncommon.
What is prostatitis? Chronic prostatitis in dogs is a bacterial infection of the prostate gland. Symptoms of prostate infection are fever, pain on urination an arched back or a tucked up abdomen and difficulty voiding. Secretions that look infected can drip from the penis. Periodic flare ups can cause the disease to become chronic. It can cause sterility in male dogs.
Prostatitis in dogs should be treated by a vet. Based on the cultures of prostatic secretions, an antibiotic is prescribed by your vet. The antibiotic must be continued for four to six weeks. If there is lack of response to the antibiotics, castration is recommended.